Organic architecture in 20th century

Contents

• Introduction
• Historic survey of development of organic architecture concept
• Organic architecture in 20th century
• Organic architecture at present time
• Possible trend in urban development
• Conclusion
• Bibliography

Introduction

One of the main traits of contemporary approach to architecture is the desire to more diversity. The multitude of stiles is overwhelming and it is impossible to point the one that prevails. In line with all other spheres of activity architecture going along the path of multiculturalism and absorption of almost all stiles that ever existed in the past.

The trend of organic approach defies the traditional way of strict geometry and straight lines. This style tries to emulate the nature itself with its non-linear forms. But it does not mean that such architecture should simply copy some forms existing in nature. It may be so sometimes but in many cases organic architecture creates something special with any analogues in nature. The main feature of this architecture is the endeavor to distance itself from the usual way of balancing space and masses in three dimensional system of coordinates.

Among the contemporary architects who profess organic approach are such names as T. Ito, S Endo, K Yeng, D Pierson.

The main task of this approach is to try to use the same overcomplicated and adaptable structures which exist in nature. This trend can be seen not only in architecture but in other sciences too, particularly in social ones, Contemporary humanity tries to redefine its relations with nature, to change the prevailing in the past perception about “conquest of the nature”. Now we can see the ever growing tendency not to conquer but to learn from the nature.

The questions of interrelation between architecture and nature are examined in the works of the following authors: J. Ruskin, A. Howard, L. Sullivan, F. Wright, R Steiner, A. Burov, U. Lebedev and many others. In this particular piece were used works of L. Alberti, Michelangelo, L Vinchi, C. Darwin, G Grino, L Kan, H Scharoun, K Frempton

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